As we all know that October 2 is Gandhi Jayanti, the National holiday of India. October 2 is associated with the most prominent activist of Indian independence against British rule: Mahatma Gandhi, also known as BAPU “father of the nation”.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbandar, Gujarat. His father was Karamchand Gandhi and mother was Putlibai. He led a simple life in his early age, after that he went to London for education in law. Then after he returned to India in the year 1915 and engaged himself in the politics of Indian freedom. That time Nobel laureate and a renowned poet Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title of “MAHATMA”. Mahatma Gandhi engaged himself in the various movements for engaging mass against the British rule and joined the leadership of INC, Indian National Congress.
Important Activities and Movements Led by Mahatma Gandhi-
World War 1
– Mahatma Gandhi assisted Lord Chlemsford, The Viceroy of India in World War 1 by asking a mass to join defence forces. He also stated that “he will not kill or injure anybody, friend or foe”.
Champaran Movement (1917)
– It was the first mass movement of Mahatma Gandhi against the rule of british. He stood up against the orders of British, to grow indigo in there farm which was eventually degrading the fertility of soil.
Kheda Movement (1918)
– Kheda movement was initiated to oppose the taxes imposed on the Kheda district which was struck by flood in the year 1918. Mahatma Gandhi appealed the British government to waive off the taxes for the benefits of farmers
Khilafat Movement (1920)
– In the year 1920 two brothers Mohd. Ali and Shaukat Ali started this movement as they were agitated by the treatment of Muslims of Turkey by the Britishers. Gandhi Ji optimised the opportunity to bring the unity of Hindu and Muslim against the British Rule.
Non Cooperation Movement (1920)
– Followed by Khilafat movement Mahatma Gandhi announced Non Cooperation Movement in the same year 1920 in the INC session of congress at Calcutta.
Dandi March (1930)
– Also known as Salt Satyagraha. In the year 1930 Gandhi Ji along with 78 followers marched towards Dandi from Ahmedabad on 12 March 1930 and reached the sea shore on 6 April 1930 to break the salt law imposed by the crown.
The Quit India Movement (1942)
– On August 8 1942, Mahatma Gandhi gave the slogan of ‘Do or Die’. Due to lack of support from various political groups the movement failed to achieve its motto.
Assassination of Gandhi Ji
The assassin, Nathuram Godse was against the philosophy and policies of Mahatma Gandhi related to the governance of the country, so he decided the to take the aggressive measures and planned the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi on 30 January, 1930 at Birla House (Now: Gandhi Smriti).
This was the brief history about the Date October 2, Gandhi Jayanti.